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EBA discusses payment fraud under PSD2 directive

Tuesday 18 January 2022 11:25 CET | News

The European Banking Authority (EBA) has published a Discussion Paper on its preliminary observations on selected payment fraud data under the Payment Services Directive (PSD2).

This paper presents the main findings related to three payment instruments: credit transfers, card-based payments and cash withdrawals and outlines other patterns that appear to be inconclusive and that would benefit from comments and views from market stakeholders. The responses to the questions raised in the Discussion Paper will support the EBA, the European Central Bank (ECB) and national authorities in interpreting the fraud data that will be reported in future years.

The preliminary patterns suggest that the regulatory requirements developed in relation to payment security are having the desired effect. In almost all instances, the share of fraudulent payments in the total payment volume and value is significantly lower for transactions that are authenticated with strong customer authentication (SCA) than those that are not. The analysis also confirms that fraud is substantially higher for cross-border transactions with counterparts located outside the European Economic Area (EEA) than those conducted inside this area, which is a known pattern of payment fraud.

Finally, while the quality and completeness of the reported fraud data has improved over the four half-yearly reporting periods in 2019 and 2020, the EBA identified several data limitations and, therefore, chose to focus its analysis on the highest quality data reported by the industry, and, therefore, the preliminary observations do not cover the entirety of the geographical scope of the EU nor all payment instruments.

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Keywords: EBA, PSD2, fraud detection, SCA, financial crime
Categories: Fraud & Financial Crime
Companies: European Banking Authority (EBA)
Countries: Europe
This article is part of category

Fraud & Financial Crime

European Banking Authority (EBA)

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